The medical abbreviation "ZMC" typically refers to the "zygomaticomaxillary complex." The zygomaticomaxillary complex is a term used in facial anatomy to describe the region of the face where the zygomatic bone (cheekbone) and maxillary bone (upper jawbone) come together. It is also known as the "zygomaticomaxillary region" or the "zygomaticomaxillary buttress." Injuries or fractures to the zygomaticomaxillary complex can occur due to trauma, such as facial fractures resulting from accidents or physical altercations.
The zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) is a major buttress of the midfacial skeleton. The ZMC is important to structural, functional, and aesthetic appearances of the facial skeleton. A ZMC fracture is also known as a tripod, tetrapod, or quadripod fracture, trimalar fracture or malar fracture [1,2].