PND is a medical abbreviation that stands for "paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea." It is a condition characterized by sudden episodes of shortness of breath or difficulty breathing that occur at night, often waking the person from sleep. These episodes can be frightening and may be accompanied by coughing, wheezing, or chest pain.
PND is usually a symptom of an underlying condition, such as heart failure, pulmonary edema, or obstructive sleep apnea. Treatment may include medications to manage the underlying condition, as well as lifestyle changes such as weight loss, quitting smoking, or avoiding alcohol and caffeine. In some cases, oxygen therapy or other medical interventions may be necessary.
PND (paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea) is caused by an underlying medical condition, typically related to the heart or lungs. Some of the most common causes of PND include:
Other possible causes of PND may include certain medications, heart valve disease, or lung infections. If you are experiencing PND or other symptoms of breathing difficulty, it is important to see a healthcare provider for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.