The medical abbreviation "DVT" stands for "Deep Vein Thrombosis". DVT is a condition in which a blood clot, or thrombus, forms in one of the deep veins of the body, usually in the legs. The clot can partially or completely block blood flow, causing swelling, pain, and redness in the affected area. In some cases, a DVT can break loose and travel through the bloodstream to the lungs, causing a potentially life-threatening condition called pulmonary embolism.
DVT can occur in people of any age, but is more common in those who are older, overweight, or have a family history of blood clots. Other risk factors include prolonged immobility, recent surgery or injury, cancer, pregnancy, and the use of certain medications.
Diagnosis of DVT typically involves ultrasound imaging of the affected vein. Treatment may involve medications to prevent the clot from growing or breaking loose, compression stockings to improve blood flow, and lifestyle changes such as regular exercise and weight management.