The medical abbreviation "DKA" stands for "Diabetic Ketoacidosis". Diabetic ketoacidosis is a potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes that occurs when the body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones. It typically occurs in individuals with type 1 diabetes, but can also occur in those with type 2 diabetes, particularly if they have an acute illness or infection.
DKA is characterized by high blood sugar levels, high ketone levels, and metabolic acidosis. Symptoms may include frequent urination, extreme thirst, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, confusion, and fruity-smelling breath. DKA requires prompt medical attention, typically including insulin therapy, intravenous fluids and electrolyte replacement, and treatment of any underlying conditions.
Individuals with diabetes are at increased risk of developing DKA if they do not manage their blood sugar levels properly or if they experience an acute illness or infection. Therefore, it is important for individuals with diabetes to monitor their blood sugar levels regularly, follow their treatment plan as prescribed by their healthcare provider, and seek prompt medical attention if they experience any symptoms of DKA.