The medical abbreviation AMS can stand for several different medical conditions, but the most common meaning is "Altered Mental Status."
AMS refers to any change in a person's cognitive or mental functioning, including confusion, disorientation, lethargy, or agitation. AMS can be caused by a variety of medical conditions, such as dehydration, infection, drug or alcohol use, head injury, stroke, or seizure.
AMS is a medical emergency and requires prompt evaluation and treatment to identify the underlying cause and prevent further complications. Treatment may involve supportive care, such as oxygen therapy or fluid resuscitation, and specific interventions based on the underlying cause, such as antibiotics for an infection or antidotes for drug toxicity.